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JOURNAL

O F

TRANSACTIONS and EVENTS,

DURING A RESIDENCE OF NEARLY SIXTEEN YEARS

O N T H E

COAST OF LABRADOR;

CONTAINING

MANY INTERESTING PARTICULARS,

Both nir thit

COUNTRY AND ITS INHABITANTS

NOT HITHERTO KNOWN. ILLUSTRATED WITH PROPER CHARTS.

By GEORGE CARTWRIQUT, Efq.

IN THREE VOLUMES.

Vor,. III.

NEWARK:

PRINTED AND SOLB BY ALLI.M AND RIDOE;

JOtD ALSO BY C. C. J. AND J. Koa.NSON, ,s P A P K K N o>T»K.'rO W, AK» J. ITOCKUAtt, PKCVDILLY, tO.Nagw.

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GLOSSARY.

AUNTSARY. A bird of ihe wadinf? genus, rcfcmbling a redfhank.

Angle of a Beavkhhouse. I'he entrance; it is always under water.

BAK.ED AiMM.Es. The friiit of a plant fo called, from the fimilariiy of tafle to that of the pulp of a roalled apple.

Barkens. Elevafl bnds, which will not produce timber.

Barrk Auos. Tliai ice which is formed upon th« fliuie above low-watermark.

Beaver-cuttincs, a furrier's term for thofc iiees or fticks which have been cut down by beavers. It is alfo ufcd for the Humps which are left.

Block, vp a Boat. To place blocks, or logs of wood under her keel.

BojJBER, a finuli piece of wood, which is made fall bv a piece of line (called the boljbci-liue) to tijat corner of a flioal-net ne.xt to the land, which, by floating upon the water, flicws where the net is,

BRIPGB 01 A Dt: \rni- ALL. A piece of board placed within a deaihfall ; one end of which is hung to a fmail flake by a piece of luine, and the other end is fupportcd in an horizontal pofitioii \>y a peg (called a tongue.) When an animal Heads on it, the peg is drawn out, which fets the c3i -killer at liberty, and that falls upon the back of the creature and kills it,

Bridge ot- a Tk ai'. A plate of iron in the centre of a trap for the animal to tread on, which then falling down, fets the jaws at liberty.

Bulk of Fish. A quantity of fifh failed one upon another.

Bull. A fmall fca bird. I believe it is called the icc-biid.

B'jsi;. A piece of board which is pointed at one end and broad at the other.

When a fuihoard is not broad enough to fprcad a fkiii properlv, the bulk is introduced on the belly lidc to ftrctch it completely.

Callibocus. A mi.xture of Iprucc-bccr and rum,

VcL.llI. Capun.

iv

(; I () S S A R Y.

Capi.in. a fi(]i "Salmo Arclicus" Peiui<int.

Cat-house. A Imt of bouglis creilcd over a trap, to defend It from fnow.

Chinsinc. Filling with niofs, the vaiancies between the fluds of houfrs, to keep

uut ilio wiuii and froR. CoDSTAGB. A covered platform, which is biiih, projeftiiig over the water, to fplit

and r.ik codnHi in. Cn AtT. A lilheiiiun's tcrin, (ignifying the whole of the implements they ufe ;

fuch as nets, hooks, lines, &c.

Crlw or Bt AVERS. The two old beavers, and all their young ones which have

not yet begun to breed. If there arc more breeding pairs than one

in the fame huufe, it is faid, to be inhabited by a double or treble crew.

Cross- I ox. A fox which is bred between a filver and a yellow.

Cuffs. Miiiens to wear upon the hands. They refemble thofe made ufe of

by hcdgers in England. Deathfal L. A trap made of logs. They are chielly ufed to catch martens, but they will kill any bead, by erecting them in proportion to his fize and flrength. DiLLROOM. The well in a boat. DoATER. An old, common fcal.

Eddy Flaw. Where the cunent of wind is interrupted by a hill or any other body, fliuii puff< will often Arike in a contrary direction; thole are called Eddy Flaws. Faggots of Fish. Small parcels of codflni, from a dozen to a fcorc, laid one upon another, with their backs upwards to be defended from wet, during rain or the night. Fall in a River. A fmall catara£l.

Fisu UPON THE Gangboards. An exprclTion ufed by fifliermen to denote, a boat being completely laden with fi(h; to fliew which, they bring in two or three upon the Gangboards. Flakes. Sets of beams, which are fupported on ports and (hores, and covered with boughs. They are ufed to dry filh upon. They are of two forts, viz : Broad-flakes and Hand-flakes. Fleet of Nets. A number of nets, which are faftened to each other, in fuch manner as to form a pound, or pounds. A fleet of falmon-nets, com- monly fpeaking, is but three. But there is no determined number for a fleet of Stopper-nets for feals. Flight-time. The periodical migration of ducks.

Frostburn. a deep and ferious penetration of froftonany animal fubftance. The effeft of fevere froft on animal fubftancei being equal with that of fire, is the reafon of that term. FuRfiOARDS. Boards to fpread furs upon.

Ganging

GLOSSARY.

Ganging Hooks anu Leads. To fix fine twine in a particitl.ir manner to fi(h-ho()ks, and fniall flraps of line to leads, that tliry may be ready iur immediate ufe.

G1G6ER OR JlCUEK. A pair of large hooks fixed back to back with fome lead run upon the (hanks, in the (hape of a fiih. The Gigger being let down to the bottom, is played by (harp jerks, and fuel) fi(h arc hooked by it, as arc enticed by the refcmblance of the lead to a real fiih.

Gully. A Barrel with only one head in it, and a couple of large holes bored

under the chime hoops of the other end, to introduce a (tang to cany it upon. They are ufed chiefly to carry fait in.

Harp. An old feal of that kind called by Pennant, "Blackback."

Haul a Net. Such nets as are condantly moored in the water arc hauled by going out to them in a boat, laying hold of one end, and hauling the boat along by the liead-rope to the other end, taking the filh out into the boat; the me(hes being made large enough for the filh to entangle thcm> fclves in them. A feine is hauled, by (hooting it, by degrees, out of a boat into the water, and hauling it on (here again by the two ends.

Hound. A water- fowl rather larger than a teal. Thefc birds migrate to the

north in large flocks in the fpring, and as they (ly, make a conti- nual noife, than which nothing can more rcfcmble the cry of a pack of beagles when in chafe. When, and how they return to the fouth again 1 am unacquainted.

HuMMOc. A little hill.

Jam Ice. The low ice with which the whole face of the ocean is covered evcrv winter, and until late in the fumnier.

Jar. The young of the fmullett kind of feal ; the old ones are called Dou-

ble Jars.

Jerk. To cure filh or meal in the open air without fait.

Killers of a Deathfall, are three, viz. The Ground-killer; which lies upon the ground, acrofs the •: ,n. of the Deatlilall. The Cat-killer; one end of which turns upon a v~ ! whicii is driven into a (Irong Hake, and the other is fuppoilcd high up by a line whicli piiHes over u crutch on the top of a (take and then comes dnwn to another at the bottom, under which one end of the tonifue is fixed, while the other fupports the bridge; which being prelkd by the animal, difcngagfs the point of tlie tongue, that fets the cat-killer at libeity and it falls down upon the ground-killer; confequenily falls down upon the back of any animal, which may be flanding acrofs the latter. And the Main-killer; one etid of which refts upon the ground and the other

upon

VI

(. I, O S S A R Y.

upon thr elevated end of ilie Cat-killer, and falls with It; ferving it

kcr|) tlic l.ittcr down. KiLi ICK. A woolen .uulior, made l>y nailing a pair of claws acrofi) each uiher,

and fixing three rods to eadi claw ; within which a large (tone is pla>

ceil to give it vrcight, and ilic ends of uli the rods arc tied together

nliovc tlie ftonc, to fecure it in its phice. KiNC-ii.MRs. I'iie long, glolTy hairs in the ikin of a bcaif, which cover the thick

C'lat of hir. Kyack. The Kfqnimiu name for the canoe which is made ufe of by that

nation. Lady. A waicr-fow! of thr dnck gcnui, and.thc hen of the lord.

Lanck. a rnmil filh. Tlie Sand-eel.

Lan nwASM. That part of the (horc which is within the reach of the water in heavy

gales ol wind. Laying-room. Boughs fprcad upon the ground to dry fifh upon. They are fel-

dom made ufe o(, except on the full cllal>li(]iing a cod-hdiciy, before

there has been time to erefl Hakes. Lfdoe. Sunken rocks, and flioaiv places in the fca, where the codfilh refort.

LOBSCOUSE. A fca di(h. It is a compofition of minced, failed beef, lea bifcuit

broken fmall, together with potatoes and onions, pepper, &c. rc-

femblini' u ihlik foup. Longer 8. Pole;, wiruli, l)\ being nailed top to but, arc made tifc of for floors,

inllc.id of boards. Lolly. Soft ice, or congealed faow floating in the water when it firfl begins

to hec/e. Loon. A lari^e fowl of the diving genus.

Louu. A water-J(nvl of the leal kind.

Mew. a keeper's term, for deer rafting their horns.

Mink. A fmall amphibious animal of the otter fpccics.

NiTc.'i or Ri N Its. Ten in number, or as many large ones, as a man can convenl.

ently cany under his arm. Each rind muft be fix feet long, and as

wide as the circiimferencc of the tree on which it grew. Northwester. A hood to cover the head and flioulders in feverc weather. It

is iniciuied chiefly to defend the checks and neck, Pack of Casks. A calk which is taken to pieces, firft marking the ftaves, bun«

died up together and fecured by four hoops. Pan or Ice. A piece of flat ice < F no determined fize, but not very large; the

large ones arc called Ihccts of ice. Pi. IT. The fkin of an animal with the fat adhering to it. That term is made

ufe

G L O S S A R V

vif

life of, for the fkim of fcals, and fiicli other aiiimali, the lit of which \ie% between the fkin and the flelh. A fral &c. is faid to be Pti i KD, when the fkin and iat are taken oH°t(><;p!lier.

I'liKirPFUs. 'i'liu fin-hke teet of fcals, aud othci ar,i|>hibioiis animaN.

Pil. K ri Fish. A brgequaniit) of <iry fifli.bnih up in the form of a lontul h.i)flai:k, Wlien they ate rnliicicnlly cured uport the ilake.i, they are made up into a pile, in order to pieferve iheni from wet; to get a gentle heat,

md to make

for others

I'lNOVCKS.

PlAM TKil.

POOI.EK,

Post.

room

Bitu of llannel, which arc tacked to one Tide of the Northwefler, and

pinned to the other ; one covering the iiofe, and the other, the chin.

A man wlio keeps fervants of his own, and carjies on hulinefii for him*

felf: but who, by not having a Vfllel, buys iiis nccellary fupplies

from, and fells the produce of his concerns to a merchant in the

country.

A falnion which has lain a long time in a river, but has not yet fpawned.

A (lout piece of timber, Aandi:ig perpendicularly under a beam. A

Uaiion from wlicnce a filhery is carried on. Pryor-pole. A long pole, which is fallened to that end of a (hoal-net that is

(artheft from the land, by a piece of rat-line ; which, not being long

enough to reach to the furface of the water, caufos the top of the pole

to appear, when the water is covered with ice or lolly. Ptarmigan. A bird of the groufe kind ; it generally weighs about a pound, but

feldom more. Punt. A fmall boat.

Raktehing OF Ice. Ice is faid to rafter, when, by being flopped in its pallage,

one piece is forced under another, until the uppcrmoft ones rife to a

great height. Ran d of Fat. A fcaler's term for a large piece of fat, juft as it happens to be cut

off the animal. Rapid, IN a River. Where there is a fudden declivity of the bed of a river, the

flream runs quicker; fuch places arc calleil RupiJs. Rattle, in a River. Where there is a fiiccefTion of falls in a river (which are

ireiiuently to be met with in mountainous countries) the falling water

makes a great noife ; fuch a place is called a RaUle. R E N u E R I N G O I L. A fealer's term for melting fat into oil. Rinding. Theaftion ofuking the bark from trees. In this part of the world, one

length only, of fix feet, is taken off the lower part of the trunk of a tree.

The chief ufe of rinds is, to cover the roofs of hoiifes and piles of fifh.

A fmall tow-line, of four inches and an half; made ufe oi by (hallops,

by way of a cable.

I> Round

Rode. Vol. III.

vlii

i. I. (> S S A R ^.

Ho I- K a St.M.. A Itai wliich liai not yet been cil'icr fkinncd or pelted.

KuMMNCfiALK. A pldi'c bv iltc watcr-riile, wliich uttcri have frequently made ufc of to rub themfclves on after fifhiiif^.

RtV.:MAi<F. A Itiriiet'k iciin lur fcdrchin^ u couiiiryi particularly fur braver- ho ufci, vviioii noiliin^ tlfc i> iiuiiiiuncd.

Saddle ot a Hi LL. 'I'lie low pan between two elevationt on a rhain of hilli.

Sauulkback. The largcll rpccies ot gidl. '* Dlackback." Pennant.

ScuLi'iN. A filh of the >;uiiict >{cnn!i.

SrWF. I.. A device to turn deer; pariirularly applied to the leathered line.

SiiEl.lBlUU. A water-fowl. I lalieve it is called /lonr; in England.

Shares. Menarefaidtoworkonthc7%'<'^«( when ihcy have a proportion of what

iliey kill or make, in lien of wages; their employer fuinifhing craft.

St! I v. An inlUunient of wood, to take rinda olT the trees.

SiioAL-Ncr. A net lo catch feals in. It is geneially forty fathoms long and two deep. The foot of it is brought to, on a Oiallop's old rode, and the head, on two nihing-lines; with corks between. It is fet in any depth of water, not exccedinj^ fifteen bthoins nor Icfs tlian three, and moored Ity a couple of killitks, fallcned by eight or ten fathoms of rope to the (.lids ot the fool-rope, which by its weight keeps the foot of the net I U>le to the bottom of the water, and the corks make it (land perpcn- ilicular. As llic /caL dive along near the bottom to filh, they (Irike inlD the nit and are eiwangkvl; for ihe net is placed, with one end lowaiils the Ihore, and the other right ofl". The I'ryorpole at the outer clew I'lOiiier) and tiic Ijohher at the inner one, fhew where the net is. The fcakrs lay hold of either, and by their means bring the head of ilie net to the boat; they then haul their boat along to the nther end, and t.ii.e the feals out as they go.

iSilu ALb c>i ShAi.s, OK Fish. A number of feals or fifti being in company, are Called ajhoat. 1 prefutiie the term arofe, fioin the bieaking of the water among them, appearing like the rippling of fhoaly ground.

Shoot in a Kiver. A place where the ftream, being confined by rocks wliich appear above water, is Ihot through the aperture with great ioice.

Siioiiii. A Hout port placed on the ftJe of a beam in a reclined pofition, to

prevent its giving way on that fide.

Shoremen. The people who are employed on (hore, to head, fplit, and fait the codfifh.

Shore up a Boat. When a boat is placed upon the blocks, and fet upright, feveial Ihorcs aie placed on each fide ; to prevent its falling citlier to one fide or the other.

SlLVER-FOX.

GLOSSARY.

SiLVER'FOX. A,black-(°ox, with white king-h^irs (lifpcrfcd on (he back u( il.

SiLVKH-rilAW. When it uinsand Irec/.et at tlte fame time.

Slink. A ralinun which h^s Ipdwiied, and has nut yet recovered itfelf by

returning intu the lea; till which time, it never wilt. Stir. A fnarc lur catching deer, bean, or other large .ininiuN. Tiicy art

made of various materials, accordingly as a tnan is provided. Sio r. The foot-mark of deer,

SrHiNO risii. A lalmon which is in pcrfcft Icafon. SHRUCt-GAME. A bird of the groufe genus. Si'U UUKL. A fmall bucket fixcil to the end of a pole, to throw the water out of a

boat, which has no pump. Si'unsilORF.s. Very long Ihoies, to lupport the wall plate of the roof of a cod flagc. fiyuii). The inklilh.

Swing a net. A net is faid to be at yEi'/H^, when one end only of it is made fall. Steady in a Kivek. A part wIktc the bed widens, inclining to a pond, and

there is no perceptible itrcam. St I N T. The dam made by beavers acrofs a flieam, to raife the water to a liciglit

convenient for their purpofe. Wkith. The contents of the magazine foimed by bejvcrs. for their fupporf

in the winter. Stuck op Timber. A piece of timber, intended lobe faued. Stopper-net. A large net lor catching (eals, wiiith is inarlo lo fit the place in

which it is fixed; the foot lies upon the giouiul, and the head floats

on the furface of the Witier, by means ol hiioy.i. Tlic I irtlicr end is

made fall to an illand (where theic is one) or to the liead-iope of a

long net which is moored perallcl to the liiore, and the near end i:

raifed or lowered at pleafure, by means of capllaiis. Several ol thefe

nets being placed at cciiain dillances lioin each other, lonn fo many

pounds, Stouter. Very 4lroiig fhores, which are plancl round the head o' a ftagc or

whdif, to prevent them from being djiiiaged by lliipi or boats. Str ANGKR. A water-fowl of the duck. kind. Tail a Tk ap. To fix it properly for catching an animal. Thwart up a Boat. Tonuvcaboatoutot tlm reach of the tide-, by the afTiftance

ol leavers or bodily flrength, when flic is laid l)ro<Kl(i>!e to tlie (bore. TlCK.LE> A padage bciwceii the tontinciu and in iflojul, or between two illands,

when it lit)!' no gii-at width. Tinker. A fea fowl. "Razorbill." Pennant. Tilt. Afinallhui.

Tjlt-

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Jt G L O S S A R \.

TiLT-BACi;. A Back-tilt is a flicd made of boughs, rereniblii\g the feftion of a roof; the back part is placed towards the wind, and a fire i:. generally made in the front.

Tom-cod. Young codfidi. i

Tongue of a Dkathfali. A peg, which is tied to the end of the line which fupports the Cat-killer; the but end of which is placed under a fork or notch in a ilake, and the point is infertcd in a hole in the end of the bridge.

Tongue of a Trap. A fmall bar of iron, which is placed on one fi.ie of the bed of a trap, ana turns upon a pin : it palTes over one of the jaws, and the end of it is fixed under the heel of the bridge, which it fupports until that is prefTed upon ; when, being fet at liberty, the jaws fly up.

Turn of Timber. So much as a man can carry on his fhoulders.

Water-horse. Newly walhed codiifh, which are laid upon each other to drain before they are fpread to dry.

Wh abby. a water-fowl of the diving genus.

Whigwham. An Indian tent of a conical form.

Whit eco at. A young feal, before it has call its firfl coat, which is white and furry.

Whitefish. a fifh of the Porpoife kind.

Whitings. Trees which have been barked, and left (bnding.

Whittled-sticks. Sticks from which beavers have eaten the bark.

Wrappers. Loofe flevee -pieces to button round the wrifts, to defend them from the frofL

Youngster. A novitiate ; aperfon in the firft year, or early part of his fervitude one who has his bufinefs to learn.

.'1

J

JOURNAL

O F

TRANSACTIONS and EVENTS

ON THE

COAST OF LABRADOR.

THE FIFTH VOYAGE.

SOON after my arrival in England in the year 1779, I found upon fettling my accompts, that the various and great mif- fortuncs which I had met ^vith had involved me in a much Luger debt than I \vas able to pay. Interell then fuggefled to me, that an immediate bankruptcy would be the mofl advan- tageous Hep I could take ; but honor forbade it ; bccaufe, I knew that my lather had by his will, made me his fole heir and executor, after paying his debts and fuch legacies as ^vere con- tained in his will : and by mv calculations, I judged there would be a fulliciency, not only to pay thern, but alfo both principal and intereft, of my own debls, and leave a competent ^^^- Ail. B maintenance

783.

June.

i;

THE FIFTH VOYAGE.

maintenance for me into the bargain when ever his exit fhould happen, wheh, from his age and infirmities, I had rcafon to fuppofc could not be at any diftant period: befides which, I had other cxpedations. I therefore laid thofe things before my principal creditors, and gave them their choice whether they would immediately proceed to extremeties, or ^ ve me time and wait for that event. They chofe the latter, but required me to give bonds a d fucli other fecurities as were in my power; and as I had no intention of doing any thing but what was ftridly honeft and juft, I hefitated not to comply with their demands : but I have fince found, that I fhould have a6led more prudently if I had taken good advice firfl:, and had the accompts llridlly examined, by which, my debts would have been greatly reduced. 1 now continued to carry on my bufinefs as ufual, and every year after met with more misfortunes : in particular, my (hip the Countefs of Effingham was daflied to pieces in Trinity Bay, in the fpring of the year 1781. A new fchooner, which had been that year built by my orders at Pa- radife, arrived at Dartmouth, about Chrillmas, a mere wreck; with great nart of her cargo thrown over board, and only a lingle huriurcd pounds infurcd on her, and that was done, at thirty-three guineas per cent. The next year, fhe was taken by the enemy. Thefe misfortunes caufed great hindrance to my bufinefs in Labrador, and prevented the fifti, and other things which were procured theie, from being fent off the coafl. to their refpcdive markets. On the eighth of December 1781 my father died ; and towards the end of the following year, I difcovercd, that he had, a little before his death, fettled upon my next brother, John, landed eftates to the amount of nme hundred and fifty pounds five fiiillings a year: and that the de- mands which were upon the refidue of his eftates and effects, for debts and legacies, would not only fwallow up the whole, but were more by a few hundreds than they would fatisfy;

conlequently,

THE FIFTH VOYAGE.

confequently, that not one (hilling would come to me from that quarter: and that, what with the accumulation of intereft and the late additional loffes, my debts were confiderably in- creafed. However I had yet one chance left, for I received a letter from my agent, Mr. Robert CoUingham, informing me that he had met with a vein of fome kind of ore, twenty inches wide. I therefore determined to return again to Labrador, and take a miner from Derby fliire with me to examine it; not in tiie leafl; doubting, but I fhould foon be out of debt, and alfo in very affluent circumftances. I then appointed my brother John my attorney, to tranfacl all the bufinefs of the executor- fliip, put all my late father's effe6ls into his hands, and prepared for my intended voyage.

This morning at three o'clock I left London, and went in the ftage coach to Poole. I arrived there at eight o'clock that night, and went to Mr. Leller's houfe ; where he politely entreated me to continue until my embarkation, and I accepted his offer. I found Samuel Mather, a Derbyfhire miner, had ar- rived here fome time fince.

This afternoon I embarked on board a brig belonging to Mr. Leflcr, called the Labrador, commanded by Mr. John Pitt; and bound to Trinity in Newfoundland. We warped out of the river to a place called Stakes, and there anchored for the night. The next morning we worked down to Brownfer, which is jufl within the mouth of the harbour, where we were obliged to come to an anchor, notwithflanding there was a frefli, fair wind to carry us on our voyage ; bccaufe, with that wind, \s'e could not get over the bar. This was a moft mor- tifying circumllance, but often is the cafe at Poole : there we lay two days and nights, in which time we might have been far beyond Scilly.

B2 At

'7«3-

June.

June 5.

J"iy

THE FIFTH VOYAGE.

Aiigiift 19,

32.

At four this inorniug we got under weigh; at fix we were over the bar, and difcharged the pilot. We law great quantities of mackerel as we went down Channel ; but, having in general very little wind, we caught only one. We met great numbers of ihips going to the eaftward ({bmeof them were men of war) and feveral others were likewife going downwards. Having , but light airs with frequent calms, our palTage down the Channel was tedious ; and the weather being very foggy* w-e could feldom fee the land; nor was it till the lixteenth, that we got to the weltward of the Iflands of Scilly. After we got to fea, we often faw fi(h ; but caught only one, which the failors called an old wife, although I kept a line out almoll the whole voyage. One boncta was hooked, but got away when clofe under the quarter ; and, with a bad harpoon which the mate made out of a large nail, I ftruck fome porpoifes ; but they all tore themfelves off. We met with, and fpoke to feveral veflels: but nothing remarkable happened during the pafTage, excepting that in the courfe of forty-fix days which we were at fea in the fineft time of the year, we had not above two or three of tliem, perfe6Uy clear throughout ; but met with fome hard gales of wind, and a great deal of blowing, dirty weather ; and much of it was exceflively cold : the refl; was foggy, or very hazy. On the nineteenth of Auguft, we flruck foundings on the Bank of Newfoundland, in a hundred and forty-five fathoms, and made St. Francis, at half an hour after four in the morning of the twenty-fecond. At noon we ran through the paflage within the Ifland of Baccaleau, into Trinity Bay ; and there got fome codfifh, from fome bf)ats which were fifhing. At five in the af- ternoon, we were within four leagues of Trinity Harbour; when it fell dead calm, and a thick fog came on. Soon after eight, it fuddenly blew fo exceflively hard from the northward, that we were reduced to our courfes, and forced to run out to fea again, for fear of being wrecked on the fouth lide of the bay ; the

night

THE FIFTH VOYAGE.

f

night proved extremely dark and intolerably cold. The next morning wc found ourfelves fafe out of the bay ; and that we had made fo much lee-way as to clear Baccaleau by only four miles. We continued to (land olf, till two in the afternoon; the wind then abating, we ftood in again, and the gale was over at fix. The next morning at day-light we were dole in with the land again, near Split Point ; went round Baccaleau, and were working up Trinity Bay all that day, and till day-light the following morning, when we found ourfelvcs about two leagues to windward of Trinity Harbour ; we then bore away for it, and got fafe in at feven o'clock. We didbut jufl; fave our dillance; for it then blew llrong at fouth, with hard rain and mifly wea- ther. In an hour after there came on a heavy gale, with rain and thick fog, which continued all that day and the next ; the wind during that time, creeping back againft the fun, until it fettled at north. I immediately went on fhore, and waited Uj3on Mr. Stone, who is Mr. Lefler's partner, and was informed, that he had fent a veifel to Labrador this fummer, which had brought from thence all my old fifli and oil, confilling of five hundred and fixty tierces of falmon, five hundred and four quintals of codfifh, and fifteen hogflieads of oil. He immediate- ly ordered a fmall brig, called the Catharine, commanded by Thomas Gayler, to be got ready to carry me and my people to Labrador: he fpared me a cooper and three youngllers. At four in the afternoon of the thirtieth, I failed in the above velTel for Paradile. We had a tolenble fliare of good winds and weather, which confidcrably lellt-'ned the danger we other- wife fhould have been in, from an uncommon number of very large illands of ice. At fun-fet on the founh of September, we got fight of Labrador fomewhere about I\)int S;xar, but we could not be certain to a mile or two, as a thick fog hung over the land. We ran along (hore to the northward, rather edging off, and at day-light the next morning llood right in.

A!:

1783.

:<;.

Siplin

■I

Sfplcinlicr.

Samrilay 6.

irhidS.S.n'. Jnjh.

w. s. w.

Jlrong and fqualty,

N. E. Jlrong.

moderate.

THE FIFTH VOYAGE.

At fix, we faw Ronndhill Ifland ; at nine, palTed it to the fouth- ward; and at eleven, being then near the fouth end of Spotted Ifland, two Efquiinau boats came off towards us ; we lay to for them, and were foon boarded by three men. They were much furprifed to hear me fpeak their language, but immediate- ly guefled who 1 was, and exprelfcd the greatefl joy, on being confirmed in their conjedure. We paffcd outfide of Spotted Ifland, and endeavoured to work into Rocky Bay ; but having toiled in vain till five in the evening, wc then bore away round Indian Ifland, and dire fted oiir courfc for Cape North. The Indians, at the fame time getting into their kyacks, left us to return to their tents ; and afllired me, that they would lollow me to Paradife, with the firft wind. When we were clofe abreaft of a large ifland of ice, it fell almofl; to pieces with a tremendous roar, like the difcharge of cannon ; winch is the firfl; time I ever faw one founder fo completely.

At one o'clock this morning, the tide having fet us to lee- ward, we fliould certainly have run upon one of the fmall, low, flat iflands, which lies between Collingham and the South Black Ifland, had not the fea broke very high upon it. At feven, we doubled Cape North -, then hauled the wind and fetched up to Tinker Ifland, between which and the Sifters, we made feveral tacks, in hopes of fetching Curlew Harbour ; but not being able to gain any ground, and the wind increafing until we could fcarcely carry a clofe reefed top-fail, we bore up, and I carried the veflel into Gready Harbour-, where we had no fooner moored in fafety, than the wind fliifted to norlh-eafl, and blew hard, with thick fog until the evening, wlien it moderated and cleared. I immediately went on ILore upon Gready Ifland, in hopes of finding fome hares, of which there has been great plenty in former fummers, but could fee no frefli fign of any ; perhaps that was owing to a fox being on it, as I faw the frelh

billiting

r'f.y

THE FIFITI VOYAaE.

billiting of one, but could not not find him, although I had a good fpaniel. I met with Ibmc fcattered curlews, and killed fix of them and a young gull. In the afternoon I went upon Black Ifland, where 1 faw the frelh flot of a young deer, and killed a curlew.

^ ,

«783. September,

little ,

?*

At ten this morning, Captain Gaylcr and I, with four men, landed on Black Ifland to try for the deer. I took a ftation between the well end of the pond and the fliore, and fent them to the eaft end of the ifland to drive it to me. They found where it had been feeding very lately, but we could not meet with it; which makes me fuppofe, that it has quitted the ifland. They faw a hare and killed four curlews, and I killed eleven, and a grey plover. While we were upon the ifland, I ordered two men to go out in the boat a fifliing, and they caught feven cod. All hands being returned on board, and a light breeze fpringing up at fouth-eaft, at two in the afternoon we got un- der weigh ; and at feven in the evening, for want of wind, we came to an anchor again, on the fouth fide of Sadler Ifland, where we were boarded by two other Efquimau men, whofe families were in a cove on Huntingdon Ifland, a little farther on.

Sunday 7, calm.

S. E. little.

calm.

'I;

At three this morning we got under weigh, and worked about two miles higher, where we anchored* during the ebb. At eight, thirty-fix Efquimaux, of all ages and of both fcxes, came on board in one of their whaling boats and fevcral kyacks, from them I jiurchafed thirty-eight (licks of good wiialcbone and a few feal-flcms. At one in the afternoon, we came to fail again, and I went ofl" in the boat into Goofe Cove; where I faw fome geefe, but killed nothing. In the evening Vv^e anchored again, between Signal Hill and Pinchgut Point.

A fine, clear, warm day.

At

Monday 8.

IV. S. W.

little.

moderate.

iittlt

THr; llFl'Il VOYAGE.